A few key terms to know in special education include:
- Bipolar disorder
- intellectual disability
- developmental disabilities
- other disorders of the brain.
This section of the dictionary covers many types of conditions that are considered to be a disability, including physical, emotional, and mental. For instance, Bipolar disorder affects a person’s mood swings and requires specialized services and support. Adaptive behavior is a collection of skills and actions that a person can take in daily life. The American with Disabilities Act provides civil rights for people with physical, mental, or intellectual disabilities.
Autism – One of the most common disorders in children is autism. While this condition is generally not curable, it does have the potential to affect a child’s learning. If you are interested in learning more about these conditions, you can visit the National Center for Autism and Developmental Disabilities. They are an excellent resource to learn about the latest developments in education. The definition of an intellectual disability can be found in the IDEA, as well as in the CPIR.
Individualized Education Plan – Another term that you should know about is an individualized education plan. These plans include supplementary services and supplementary aids that can help a child learn at his or her own pace. The plan is designed by a behavior specialist who works with a team of professionals to implement a treatment plan based on the child’s specific needs. This consultant will work with the team to monitor the child’s progress. If necessary, he or she may make changes to the program.
- An evaluation is a process that determines the degree to which a child is able to learn and function in the general educational setting. The evaluation takes into account the learning style of the child and the types of instruction that would be most effective. Once these goals are met, the child will have access to appropriate educational services in a regular classroom. These assessments are often used in the context of a special education program.
IQ or intelligence quotient – A student’s disability is a condition that affects his or her ability to learn. The IQ, or intelligence quotient, is the measurement that determines the eligibility for a student’s education. In some cases, the child’s learning style is too severe for the general education environment. The best way to educate a child with a learning disability is to help him or her develop the skills needed to succeed in school.
Orthopedic Impairment – An orthopedic impairment is a problem with the bones and joints of the child. It can be caused by a disease or a congenital anomaly. Other health impairments can be caused by chronic conditions such as asthma, attention deficit disorder, epilepsy, and other chronic conditions. An antecedent is something that occurs prior to an event or behavior. In special education, an antecedent is something that precedes a certain action or behavior.